What Are The Five Stages Of Infectious Disease Quizlet?

What is the infectious disease process?

The Infectious Disease Process.

[last update 11/24/03] The infectious disease process includes the following components: (1) agent (2) reservoir (3) portals of entry and exit (4) mode of transmission (5) immunity.

Types of agents range from the submicroscopic to the large parasites..

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are the examples of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. They can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

What are the five stages of infectious disease?

The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 2).

What are the stages of infection quizlet?

Terms in this set (5)Incubation. Pathogens enter body, multiply until signs/symptoms appear.Prodromal. Signs and symptoms begin develop, pathogens continue to multiply, can be contagious.Acute. Greatest development, very contagious.Recovery. Apparent recovery from illness.Decline. S/s start to decline.

What stage of infection is most communicable?

In some cases, a person is contagious during the incubation period, while in others the person is not contagious until the illness begins. The amount of time a child remains contagious depends on the infection and the child. Young children are often contagious for longer than older children.

How long do infectious diseases last?

Most people will be infectious for around 2 weeks. Symptoms are usually worse during the first 2 to 3 days, and this is when you’re most likely to spread the virus.

What are the three phases of infection process?

The nature of the host-parasite interaction established is determined by the genotypes of the host and the pathogen and is influenced by the environment. It is convenient to divide the infection process into the three phases of pre= entry (or prepenetration), entry and colonisation.

What are the 6 deadliest infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases.Influenza.HIV.Malaria.Tuberculosis.TB.Long read.HIV/AIDS.More items…•

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What is the rarest infectious disease?

Rare Disease of Public Health SignificanceAfrican tick bite fever^African sleeping sickness^Amoebic meningitis.Anaplasmosis.Babesiosis*Burkholderia infection (Melioidosis or Glanders)Chagas disease.Coccidioidomycosis*More items…

What is the six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What are the stages of infection process?

For bacteria to successfully cause disease they must pass through several stages of infection: colonisation, invasion, proliferation and transmission. Whilst in the body, bacteria must also evade constant attack from the immune system.

What is the best infectious disease hospital?

The top recommended places for infectious disease treatment include: Mayo Clinic Hospital (Rochester, Minn.) Subscribe to the Becker’s ASC Review newsletter for the latest in healthcare news!

What can I expect from an infectious disease doctor?

What to Expect at the Infectious Disease DoctorBlood and urine tests.Throat swabs.Stool samples.Spinal taps.Imaging scans.Tissue biopsies.

What is the acute phase of infection?

An acute viral infection is characterized by rapid onset of disease, a relatively brief period of symptoms, and resolution within days. It is usually accompanied by early production of infectious virions and elimination of infection by the host immune system.

What are three infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.