What Are The Five Major Risk Factors For Cardiovascular Disease That Can Be Changed Quizlet?

What is secondary prevention of CVD?

Secondary Prevention refers to preventing heart attack and stroke through drug therapy and counseling for high risk individuals – such as those with previous events or known cardiovascular diseases (CVD)..

Why is cardiovascular disease a health concern?

Over time, these risk factors cause changes in the heart and blood vessels that can lead to heart attacks, heart failure, and strokes. It is critical to address risk factors early in life to prevent these devastating events and other potential complications of chronic cardiovascular disease.

What are 3 health factors you Cannot control?

The major risk factors that you cannot change are:Age. The older you are, the higher your risk of stroke.Sex. Your risk of heart disease and stroke increases after menopause.Family and Medical History. … Indigenous Heritage. … African and South Asian Heritage. … Personal circumstances. … Related information.

What are the most common types of cardiovascular disease?

Learn about some of the most common conditions.Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) … Heart Attack. … Arrhythmia. … Heart Failure. … Congenital Heart Defects. … Cardiomyopathy. … Peripheral Artery Disease.

Is treatment a secondary prevention?

Secondary prevention includes those preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis and prompt treatment of a disease, illness or injury.

What is a secondary prevention?

Primary Prevention – trying to prevent yourself from getting a disease. Secondary Prevention – trying to detect a disease early and prevent it from getting worse. Tertiary Prevention – trying to improve your quality of life and reduce the symptoms of a disease you already have.

What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease quizlet?

Terms in this set (63)T/F The six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed are tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy cholesterol levels, diabetes, and physical inactivity. … T/F LDL cholesterol is the less healthy form of cholesterol.More items…

What are youth risk factors that affect cardiovascular fitness in adulthood?

Associated Data.DETECTING EARLY ARTERIAL ABNORMALITIES.CHILDHOOD OBESITY AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS.CIGARETTE SMOKING AND EXPOSURE TO ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE.DYSLIPIDAEMIA.DIABETES MELLITUS.HYPERTENSION.GENETICS AND CARDIOVASCULAR RISK.More items…

What is the #1 cause of cardiovascular disease?

Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by correctable problems, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking.

What percentage of heart disease is genetic?

A collaboration involving the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, the German Heart Center Munich, AstraZeneca, and Karolinska Institutet in Sweden has demonstrated that more than 30 percent of heart disease risk stems from genetic factors, much more than was previously understood.

What are the 5 risk factors?

Controllable risk factors include:Smoking.High LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, and low HDL, or “good” cholesterol.Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure)Physical inactivity.Obesity.Uncontrolled diabetes.Uncontrolled stress and anger.

What are 4 risk factors for heart disease?

Major Risk FactorsHigh Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. … High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Obesity and Overweight. … Smoking. … Physical Inactivity. … Gender. … Heredity.More items…

What are the 6 secondary CVD risk factors?

If you were to ask just about anyone in these enlightened times what the primary risks are for developing heart disease they would be able to rattle off the main culprits: high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, family history, gender, and smoking.

Which of the following is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease?

Eat a healthy diet. Try to limit saturated fats, foods high in sodium, and added sugars. Eat plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. The DASH diet is an example of an eating plan that can help you to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol, two things that can lower your risk of heart disease.

What are the 6 health risk factors?

The YRBS addresses the six categories of priority health risk behaviors associated with the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among adults and youth: behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended …

Who is at high risk of heart attack?

Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women. Tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke. High blood pressure.

What are the five major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed?

Since you can’t do anything about these risk factors, it’s even more important that you manage your risk factors that can be changed.Increasing Age. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

Which of the following characteristics is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

About half of all Americans (47%) have at least 1 of 3 key risk factors for heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. Some risk factors for heart disease cannot be controlled, such as your age or family history.

What are 3 examples of uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress.

What increases your risk of heart disease?

Controllable risk factors for heart disease include:Smoking.High LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, and low HDL, or “good” cholesterol.Uncontrolled high blood pressure.Physical inactivity.Obesity (having a BMI greater than 25)Uncontrolled diabetes.High C-reactive protein.Uncontrolled stress, depression, and anger.More items…•

Which of these is a controllable risk factor of cardiovascular disease or heart attacks?

There are five important heart disease risk factors that you can control. A poor diet, high blood pressure and cholesterol, stress, smoking and obesity are factors shaped by your lifestyle and can be improved through behavior modifications. Risk factors that cannot be controlled include family history, age and gender.