Quick Answer: How Is VSD Diagnosed?

How long does a VSD repair take?

The repair will take about 2 hours.

The healthcare provider puts a small, flexible tube (catheter) into several blood vessels in the groin.

One of the catheters will have a small device inside it.

The provider threads the catheter through the blood vessel all the way to the ventricular septum..

What is the cause of VSD?

The most common cause of a VSD is a congenital heart defect, which is a defect from birth. Some people are born with holes already present in their heart. They may cause no symptoms and take years to diagnose. A rare cause of a VSD is severe blunt trauma to the chest.

How long does it take for a small VSD to close?

Small VSDs If a defect is going to close, it usually happens by age 2 . But some defects don’t close until age 4 . These children usually grow and develop normally. They also have no activity restrictions, and live normal, healthy lives.

How successful is VSD surgery?

In most cases, the surgery will permanently cure the VSD. No activity restrictions will be needed.

How serious is VSD?

Increased blood flow to the lungs due to the VSD causes high blood pressure in the lung arteries (pulmonary hypertension), which can permanently damage them. This complication can cause reversal of blood flow through the hole (Eisenmenger syndrome). Endocarditis. This heart infection is an uncommon complication.

How do you treat VSD in babies?

Treatment may include:Medical management. Some children have no symptoms, and require no medication. … Adequate nutrition. Infants with a larger VSD may become tired when feeding, and are not able to eat enough to gain weight. … Surgical repair. … Interventional cardiac catheterization.

What is considered a small VSD?

The VSDs were classified as: small (diameter less than or equal to 3 mm), medium (3 to 6 mm) and large (greater than 6 mm).

How common is VSD in babies?

Ventricular septal defects are among the most common congenital heart defects, occurring in 0.1 to 0.4 percent of all live births and making up about 20 to 30 percent of congenital heart lesions. Ventricular septal defects are probably one of the most common reasons for infants to see a cardiologist.

Does VSD go away?

VSDs are usually found in the first few months of life by a doctor during a routine checkup. Most teens born with a VSD probably don’t remember having it because it either goes away on its own or it was found so early in childhood that there’s no memory of any surgery or recovery.

How long can you live with a VSD?

Available data indicate that adults with closed VSDs and without other heart or lung complications can expect to live a normal lifespan. In the 40 years that the operation has been widely used, about 6 percent of patients have required a re-operation to close small leaks that developed around the patch.

Is VSD considered heart disease?

A VSD, therefore, is a type of congenital heart disease (CHD). The heart with a VSD has a hole in the wall (the septum) between its two lower chambers (the ventricles).

Can VSD cause stroke?

Over time, if not repaired, this defect can increase the risk for other complications, including heart failure, high blood pressure in the lungs (called pulmonary hypertension), irregular heart rhythms (called arrhythmia), or stroke.

What is VSD diagnosis?

Ventricular septal defects (VSDs) often cause a heart murmur that your doctor can hear using a stethoscope. If your doctor hears a heart murmur or finds other signs or symptoms of a heart defect, he or she may order several tests including: Echocardiogram. In this test, sound waves produce a video image of the heart.

Can VSD close on its own?

A large VSD is less likely to close completely on its own, but it may get smaller over time. Large VSDs often cause symptoms in infants and children, and surgery usually is needed to close them. VSDs are found in different parts of the septum. Membranous VSDs are located near the heart valves.

Is VSD a sign of Down syndrome?

About 50% of babies born with Down Syndrome also have associated heart defects including, but not limited to, atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, and VSD.