How Common Are Heart Valve Problems?

What happens if heart valves are not functioning properly?

In heart valve disease, one or more of the valves in your heart doesn’t work properly.

Your heart has four valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction.

In some cases, one or more of the valves don’t open or close properly.

This can cause the blood flow through your heart to your body to be disrupted..

What are some signs of a bad heart?

Especially watch out for these problems:Chest Discomfort. It’s the most common sign of heart danger. … Nausea, Indigestion, Heartburn, or Stomach Pain. … Pain that Spreads to the Arm. … You Feel Dizzy or Lightheaded. … Throat or Jaw Pain. … You Get Exhausted Easily. … Snoring. … Sweating.More items…•

How do I know if my artificial heart valve is failing?

Signs and symptoms of mechanical valve thrombosis may include muffled mechanical heart sounds, a new murmur, dyspnea, heart failure and cardiogenic shock. Thrombosis of right-sided valves causes right-sided heart failure, characterized by swelling of the legs, abdomen or both, without pulmonary congestion.

Can an ECG detect heart valve problems?

An ECG can detect enlarged chambers of your heart, heart disease and abnormal heart rhythms. Chest X-ray. A chest X-ray can help your doctor determine whether the heart is enlarged, which can indicate certain types of heart valve disease. A chest X-ray can also help doctors determine the condition of your lungs.

What happens when heart valve is damaged?

A diseased or damaged valve can affect the flow of blood in two ways: If the valve does not open fully, it will obstruct or restrict the flow of blood. This is called valve stenosis or narrowing. This can put extra strain on your heart, making it pump harder to force the blood past the narrowing.

Does heart valve disease cause weight gain?

Rapid weight gain. You may have no symptoms at all and have severe valve disease, requiring prompt treatment.

What does a bad heart valve feel like?

Some physical signs of heart valve disease can include: Chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips) Shortness of breath, difficulty catching your breath, fatigue, weakness, or inability to maintain regular activity level. Lightheadedness or fainting.

Is a bad heart valve hereditary?

Although many VHDs are acquired during adult life, familial clustering and heritability have been noted for common heart valve defects, such as bicuspid aortic valve and myxomatous mitral valve prolapse, denoting an underlying genetic basis.

What causes a heart valve to go bad?

Heart conditions and other disorders, age-related changes, rheumatic fever, or infections can cause acquired heart valve disease. These factors change the shape or flexibility of once-normal heart valves. The cause of congenital heart valve disease isn’t known. It occurs before birth as the heart is forming.

Which heart valve is most important?

Pulmonic valve: Located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery, this valve is necessary for healthy blood flow between the heart and the lungs.

Is a heart valve replacement major surgery?

Heart valve surgery is open-heart surgery through the breastbone, into the chest. It is a major operation that can last two hours or longer and recovery often takes several weeks.

Is heart valve disease common?

Valve disease and age Heart valve disease is more common among older people. Today, thanks to improved quality of medical care and increased attention on prevention, people are living longer. As a result, heart valve disease has become a more common problem.

Can a heart valve be repaired without surgery?

The Structural Heart and Valve Center at NYP/Columbia has long been a leader in catheter-based treatment—the least invasive therapy—to repair the mitral valve. This valve regulates blood flow between the upper and the lower chambers on the left side of the heart.

What is the most common heart valve abnormality?

The most commonly affected valve with a congenital defect is a bicuspid aortic valve, which has only two leaflets rather than three. Other types of heart disease: Heart failure. Heart failure happens when the heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to support other organs in your body.

How long can you live with heart valve disease?

Without aortic valve replacement, only a few people with the disease survive past 5 years. The good news is, there is hope and a less invasive treatment option available for severe aortic stenosis.

Is a faulty heart valve serious?

If not treated, it can be life-threatening, causing heart failure, a heart attack or other serious heart problems. If you have heart valve disease, or have had a valve repaired or replaced, you’re more likely to develop endocarditis, which is usually caused by bacteria.

What are the 4 stages of heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

How can I strengthen my heart valve naturally?

7 powerful ways you can strengthen your heartGet moving. Your heart is a muscle and, as with any muscle, exercise is what strengthens it. … Quit smoking. Quitting smoking is tough. … Lose weight. Losing weight is more than just diet and exercise. … Eat heart-healthy foods. … Don’t forget the chocolate. … Don’t overeat. … Don’t stress. … Related Stories.